Uluru-Kata Tjuta, formerly known as the Ayers Rock – Mount Olga National Park, is home to Uluru the world’s largest monolith and the unsual geological dome formations of Kata Tjuta; which earily rise out of the expansive red sandy plain. The Anangu Aboriginal people are the traditional owners of this wonderous place.
Uluru is one of the most recognisable natural icons in Australia and around the world. This sandstone formation stands 348 m high 863 m above sea level, and measures 9.4 km in circumference. Uluru is like a glacier on land with most of its mass below the ground! Both Uluru and Kata Tjuta have great cultural significance for the Anangu Traditional land owners, which is evident by the local flora and fauna, bush foods and the Aboriginal dreamtime stories of the area.
Uluru is notable for changing its colour as the different light strikes it at different times of the day and year, with sunset a particularly remarkable sight when it turns a stunning shade of red. Although rainfall is uncommon in this semiarid area, during wet periods the rock acquires a silvery-grey colour, with streaks of black algae forming on the areas that serve as channels for water flow.
Kata Tjuta, also called Mount Olga or The Olgas, is another rock formation about 25 km west of Uluru. Special viewing areas with road access and parking have been constructed to give tourists the best views of both sites at dawn and dusk.